[1]常慧,王秀红,王志稳.我国空巢老人成功老龄化性别差异及其分解研究[J].军事护理,2023,40(12):6-9.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.2097-1826.2023.12.002]
 CHANG Hui,WANG Xiuhong,WANG Zhiwen.Gender Difference in Successful Aging Among Empty Nesters in China: A Disaggregate Study[J].Nursing Journal Of Chinese People's Laberation Army,2023,40(12):6-9.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.2097-1826.2023.12.002]
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我国空巢老人成功老龄化性别差异及其分解研究
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《军事护理》[ISSN:2097-1826/CN:31-3186/R]

卷:
40
期数:
2023年12期
页码:
6-9
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2023-12-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Gender Difference in Successful Aging Among Empty Nesters in China: A Disaggregate Study
文章编号:
2097-1826(2023)12-0006-04
作者:
常慧1王秀红1王志稳2
(1.贵州医科大学 护理学院,贵州 贵阳 550025; 2.北京大学 护理学院,北京 100191)
Author(s):
CHANG Hui1WANG Xiuhong1WANG Zhiwen2
(1.School of Nursing,Guizhou Medical University,Guiyang 550025,Guizhou Province,China; 2.School of Nursing,Peking University,Beijing 100191,China)
关键词:
空巢老人 成功老龄化 性别 Oaxaca-Blinder分解
Keywords:
empty nester successful aging gender Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition
分类号:
R473.59
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.2097-1826.2023.12.002
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 分析空巢老人成功老龄化性别差异及相关因素,为缩小空巢老人性别差异、促进健康公平性提供依据。方法 2023年2-5月,便利抽样法选取贵阳市452名社区空巢老人为研究对象,采用成功老龄化量表、社会资本量表、心理一致感量表及中文版健康促进生活方式量表-Ⅱ对其进行调查。结果 婚姻、文化水平、慢性病数量、社会资本、心理一致感和健康促进生活方式影响空巢老人成功老龄化(均P<0.05)。Oaxaca-Blinder分解法显示,不同性别间成功老龄化的差异65.50%与个体特征有关,34.50%与性别差异自身有关。结论 男性成功老龄化水平高于女性,社会资本、婚姻状态及慢性疾病患病情况是造成差异的主要原因。
Abstract:
Objective To explore the gender differences in successful aging among empty nesters in China,in order to provide a basis for reducing the differences and promoting health equity.Methods A total of 452 community-based empty nesters from Guiyang,Guizhou Province were recruited from February to May in 2023 with convenience sampling,surveyed using the Successful Ageing Scale,the Social Capital Scale,the Sense of Coherence Scale and the Chinese Version of the Health-Promotion Lifestyle Scale-II.Results Influencing factors of successful aging include marriage,education,chronic illnesses,social capital,sense of coherence,and health-promoting lifestyle(P<0.05).The Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition showed that 65.50% of the difference in successful aging between different genders was related to individual characteristics,and 34.50% to gender differences.Conclusions Men have higher levels of successful aging than women,while social capital,marital status and the prevalence of chronic diseases are the main reasons for the differences.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
【收稿日期】2023-08-28【修回日期】2023-11-09
【基金项目】国家社会科学基金重大项目(21ZDA107); 中国工程院战略研究与咨询项目(2022-XBZD-30); 贵州医科大学护理学科专项教研项目(YJ22016)
【作者简介】常慧,硕士在读,护士,电话:010-82805242
【通信作者】王志稳,电话:010-82805242
更新日期/Last Update: 2023-12-15